Introduction of Genetics

Introduction of Genetics
Genetics is the branch of science where we study about genes and their characteristics, that deals with the transmission of information from parents to the offsprings. Genes are the specific sequences of nucleotides that can code for particular proteins. Through the process of meiosis cell division and sexual reproduction, genes are transmitted from one generation to the next generation.

Example, a children usually seem like their parents because they have inherited their parents' genes. In the branch of genetics we tries to find which traits are inherited, and then explain how these traits are transferred from one generation to the next generation. So, we can say genetics is the branch of science that finds why an elephant always gives birth only to a elephant and why not birth some other animal. Members in a family become like to each other and genetics is the reason for it.


This branch of biology look for which features are inherited in the next generation. A feature of an organism is known as trait in genetics. It aslo explains that how these features are transfer from one generation to the next generation. DNA is a large molecule which carries the genetic information of an organism, which is copied and inherited across generations. DNA carries the traits in as instructions for building and handleing an organism. Genes are the segments of DNA which carries these instructions.

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